As Virginia Republicans try to win their first race for governor in more than a decade, the party is preparing to select their standardbearer this weekend — a decision that will suggest where the national party is heading as it seeks to gain back power in Washington after former President Donald Trump’s defeat in November.
The nomination for governor remains wide open as more than 50,000 delegates head to what the state party calls an “unassembled” convention on Saturday, meeting at 39 locations across the state as necessitated by Covid-19 restrictions.
Four of the seven gubernatorial candidates are considered those most likely to win the nomination and challenge the Democratic nominee this November. But with the party using a ranked-choice voting method that requires the winner to receive 50% of the vote, there remains no clear favorite.
Among the top GOP candidates are businessmen Glenn Youngkin and Pete Snyder, both of whom have led the field in campaign spending — chiefly on ads going after each other as competing “outsider” candidates. Former state assembly speaker Kirk Cox has the most experience in elected office and, along with Snyder, has the most establishment support. And state Sen. Amanda Chase, a pro-Trump gadfly who revels in being known as a “firebrand” and “politically incorrect,” has a small, loyal following.
The field also includes former think tank executive Peter Doran, former Roanoke sheriff Octavia Johnson and retired Army Col. Sergio de la Peña — all minor candidates.
This year’s race to replace Democratic Gov. Ralph Northam, who is prevented by Virginia’s one-term limit from seeking re-election, will be seen as a test of the nation’s political climate nearly one year into Joe Biden’s presidency.
Virginia law allows parties to choose between selecting their nominees for statewide offices in party-run conventions or in state-run primaries. Democrats are holding a primary on June 8, where former Gov. Terry McAuliffe is among the leading candidates. The leftward shift of Virginia’s suburbs around Washington, DC — a trend vividly on display in Northam’s 2017 victory and in recent Democratic presidential wins in the state — is likely to make Democrats the favorites to hold the governor’s office in Richmond.
Despite this shift and the uncertainty about who the GOP nominee will be, observers say the Virginia party has an opportunity this year to win in a state that has frustrated Republicans for years.
“Republicans are poised for a massive comeback in legislative races as long as Donald Trump stays off the headlines,” said Chris Saxman, a former Republican state delegate who writes a political newsletter.
Saxman and others say Republicans who can push back on the gains Democrats have made in Virginia’s suburbs in Richmond and Northern Virginia can make the state competitive again for the GOP.
“If this weekend produces a more ‘center-right’ nominee who can appeal to the suburbs, this race could be a lot closer than many anticipate,” said Tucker Martin, a former aide to the last Republican governor of Virginia, Bob McDonnell.
Sticking with Trump
Nevertheless, the direction of the pre-convention campaign suggests support for Trump remains a core requirement for success in the Republican Party, even amid GOP fears that the association hurts the party in statewide elections. Trump will not endorse before the convention, says a person close to the former President, leaving the space for appealing to Trump’s voters wide open.
To that end, Youngkin, Snyder and Cox have all embraced some form of “election integrity” as an issue — threading the needle of acknowledging Republican concerns about the integrity of the vote without fully embracing Trump’s false claims about a stolen 2020 election.
Snyder has run TV ads, for instance, promising to “stop liberals from rigging the system” and supporting “voter ID and verification of all ballots.” Cox has also talked up voter ID and has called for a bipartisan election board.
And both Youngkin and Snyder in particular have tried to draw on support from figures in Trump’s broader political world. Several members of Youngkin’s staff are veterans of Trump’s presidential campaigns. He has also run a TV ad with footage of Trump praising Youngkin by name during a White House event on trade.
Snyder, meanwhile, held an event this past week with former Trump press secretary and Arkansas gubernatorial candidate Sarah Huckabee Sanders.
Chase, on the other hand, spoke at the January 6 “Stop the Steal” rally in Washington that preceded the violent riot at the US Capitol, and she has aligned herself with the former President explicitly by calling herself “Trump in heels.”
Republican observers say her extreme position limits her ability to gain a majority in a convention, but her connection to the party’s pro-Trump base has pulled the rest of the field to the right.
“The winner of the so-called convention could be the candidate with the best ability to package disinformation and culture wars into a digestible mental snack,” said Denver Riggleman, a former Republican congressman from Virginia who has emerged as a critic of conspiracy theories about the 2020 election.
Seeking second place, at first
Many of the Republican candidates for governor are making unusual pitches ahead of the convention, asking to be delegates’ second-favorite candidate if not their top choice.
The Virginia GOP is using ranked-choice voting to select their candidates for governor, lieutenant governor and attorney general. The method could make second- and third-place votes just as important in determining the nominee as first-place votes.
It’s an approach forced by the pandemic: Instead of gathering a large crowd of delegates in one venue and holding round after round of votes until one candidate emerges with more than 50% support, the Virginia GOP is holding what it is calling an “unassembled” convention in 39 locations across the state. Delegates will cast a single ballot, with the candidates ranked one through seven.
At a typical convention, low-performing candidates would be knocked out or withdraw, and the remaining candidates would make appeals to win over their supporters in the next round of voting.
This time, though, several of the Republican candidates are making appeals ahead of the voting to become the second-place preference of their rivals’ supporters.
“I understand I might not be everyone’s first choice,” Cox said in a recent online ad. “But if I’m not your first choice, I’d really appreciate you putting me down as your second.”
Cox and Youngkin — who has told event attendees he’d like to be their second choice if he isn’t their first — have used public forums to muse about roles the other could serve in their administrations. Youngkin said he would want Cox as his education secretary, while Cox said he’d tap Youngkin as secretary of commerce and trade.
And Snyder recently sent supporters an email from Ken Cuccinelli, the former Virginia attorney general and Trump immigration official.
“Even if Pete is not your first choice, you can vote to make him your second choice,” Cuccinelli’s email said.
Taking a difference approach is Chase, who is urging her supporters to fill her name in on all seven lines — which is functionally the same as casting a first-place vote and nothing else.
This year’s convention follows a decade in which the GOP collapsed in Virginia. Republicans have not won a statewide election since 2009 and lost their state legislative majorities. One previous trend would have been in the GOP’s favor: Since the 1970s, the winner of Virginia’s off-year gubernatorial election always came from the opposite party of the previous year’s winning presidential candidate. But that changed in 2013, when McAuliffe was elected Virginia’s governor a year after Barack Obama won a second White House term.
GOP party officials feuded in late 2020 and early 2021 over whether to hold a convention or a primary, leaving decisions about when and how to select a gubernatorial nominee unsettled for months.
The decision to hold a convention is seen as damaging to Chase, in particular. She’s faced criticism in the state Senate for pushing Trump’s lies about the outcome of the 2020 election and calling those who rioted at the Capitol on January 6 “patriots.” She has been required to sit inside a plexiglass box on the Senate floor over her refusal to wear a mask. In a divided field in which only first-place votes mattered, she could have emerged with a plurality of support from die-hard Trump loyalists.
Many Republicans do not expect Chase to be a dominant second-choice candidate, but the limited public polling of the race means the race to get a bare majority of delegates, and the GOP nomination, could be anyone’s.